Women in the Army

Women serving in the army have been a subject of debate. The demands have always been strong. Non-combat type positions are often left vacant during an active war. These positions are often occupied by women. This may be office type work or nurse and care providers. However, women have been known to participate in full on combat as well.

AMERICAN REVOLUTIONARY WAR (1775-1783)

Women have been involved in the US army since the American Revolutionary War but mostly in the roles of nursing the wounded, mending and washing the soldiers’ clothes, and preparing the food. Having women in the camp made the soldiers’ lives more pleasant. Women who were employed as nurses, cooks and laundresses were also subjected to the camp’s rules and regulations and they also shared with the soldiers’ difficult living. Women also slept in makeshift tents and had little compensation. Back then, it was seldom to find women in the army courageous enough to serve in combat. If so, they had to either dress as men or fight alongside their husbands. Those brave women in the US army exposed themselves to war death as spies, carriers of messages, transporters of contrabands, and even participating in shooting cannons.

THE CIVIL WAR (1861-1865)

For the war that followed, women continuously supported the US battle. Like in the previous war, most women served in traditional duties as nurses, laundresses, seamstresses and cooks. But there were some of them also who dressed as men and enlisted themselves in combat. All they would need to do was bound their bust and cut their hair short. It was very easy to pass through the recruiter’s assessment since less questioning was being done.

WORLD WAR I (1917-1918) AND INTERWAR YEARS

In the 1917, there was mass call out for women to take job positions in factories and offices. It was due to the great percentage of men being called to serve in the army and sent to the western front in France. The US had announced war on Germany and the women felt the impact of this momentous decision. Their men had to go and fight for the States, and it meant leaving not only homes but the industrial sectors that used to employ men workers. During this period, women started taking over their husbands’ jobs from the manufacturing of machinery, air combat elements, food, clerical and communication works, and stenography. These skills were all needed both in the home front and battle front, thus women in the army were again involved in another great war.

By this time, women were prepared for wartime duties. They were trained in food management, military drills, telephone operation, manufacturing of bandages, electrician works, clerical duties, accounting and other necessary skills to aid in the wartime period. There were about 21,000 women serving in the US Army during the World War I. They were performing valiant services in the camp and fighting front, both home and abroad, facing the horrors of possible death amidst the battle.

POLICY CHANGES

About twenty years later, policy changes were enforced to improve the rights and privileges of women in the army. The policy of “no women in units that are tasked with direct combat” was issued to end. To date, women have access to 78 percent of the posts in the Army. Unlike before, women are no longer limited when it comes to roles and jobs in the military.

Today, women are called to take part in the training course created by Combined Joint Task Force Paladin. It is designed to provide female soldiers further trainings on biometrics, forensics, homemade explosive tools, and evidence collection. Since the US Army has already lifted the ban on female soldiers fighting in the front line, women in the army need more rigid trainings and knowledge inputs as far as war fighting is concerned. The goal of all the policy changes is to fully integrate the female soldiers in all roles in the army by the year of 2016. However, countless women in the military are raising their voices over this matter, especially the combat veterans who have experienced the blood and horror of the past war. Men and women have differing traits on how they deal with the fighting scenarios. Disagreeing groups also stressed out that the physical differences of men and women have led the military to alter the physical training for women in able to fit in. The modified physical trainings may result in negative consequences on the battlefield, which ultimately made the women quite unfit for combat as far as their physical trainings matter.

It is still a debated issue for female soldiers to get into the battle front lines. Nonetheless, women’s roles and contributions in the US army are highly important since the wars in the US history up until the present times

The Marines

The United States Marines is one of the four branches that make up the US Military. The other three are the Army, Navy, and Air Force. All the branches have their own department within the Department of Defense except for the Marines.

United States Marines is a separate branch, but it falls beneath the Department of Navy. It functions as one of the two components of the department, of which the other is the United States Navy. The head of the United States Marines is the Commandant of the Marine Corps and he reports to the Secretary of the Navy in preparing the unit for operations beneath the Combatant Commanders. Other than the Secretary of the Navy, the Commandant of the Marine Corps does not report to any other military official.

HOW THE US MARINES WORKS

The United States Marines take pride in their noble organization, asserting that they provide a big percent of the US force combats power while using only a small percent of the Department of Defense’s funds.

The United States Marines have developed an intimidating reputation as the toughest branch in the US military. Over the years, they have taken several of the most dangerous missions that military planners put them into.

The main function of the United States Marines is focused on “power projection” by spearheading amphibious assaults. The marines project US Military forces to the sea through the mobility of the US Navy. US Marines thrive in challenging and difficult scenarios, and that brings them success in gaining footholds for the US troops throughout the history. The specialty of the US Marines is to project US power to the unfriendly and aggressive landing areas, and to establish advanced bases there for the Army and Air Force. The US Marines is always in the state of readiness for battle. Their efficiency is quite unparalleled that no other military unit can match this high standard of promptness for combat. TheUnited States Marines can go right into battle with everything they need at hand including ground and air combat elements. They bring all things that are necessary for the mission, as well as full packed supplies that can last them for two weeks of operation. While other armed forces leap into combat with light loads wherein they would have to resupply within a few days’ time and that hampers the progress of the operation.

US Marines operate in four principal subdivisions:

  1. Operating Forces – the group that executes the fighting.
  2. Headquarters (HQMC)
  3. Supporting Establishment – the group that administers the Marine bases and Air Stations and provides the logistic support to the mission.
  4. Marine Forces Reserve – the reserve force of the US Marines.

HISTORY

The United States Marines trails its establishment way back in 1775 during the Revolutionary War. By then, the Continental Marines was formed through the authorization of the Second Continental Congress. The formation was led by Captain Samuel Nicholas and the recruitment was done in Philadelphia to complete the troops that would combat against England. At the end of the war, the Marines were disbanded but re-established again as The United States Marine Corps in 1798 for the Quasi-War against France.

The US Marines have gone through many critical operations, but the toughest combat that they’ve gone through was World War II. This was the time that they came to master the art of amphibious assault. The operation required the Marines to take control of islands, bases and airfields that were occupied by the ingrained Japanese military. The Marines conquered it island by island and they reaped hard-earned victories which cost them thousands of men. But through those costly conquests, the Marines were able to perfect amphibious operations.

HOW TO JOIN THE US MARINES

Once a marine, always a marine – there is no such thing as “former” marines. The 12 week training program of the United States Marines is by all descriptions, more grueling than most military units in America or anywhere else.

The recruits normally harbor a grudge for their strict and hard-edged Drill instructors for all the rigid trainings they go through. The instructor makes sure to etch the Marine disciplines and skills to the recruits who will soon learn to turn this grudge into respect.

Peak physical condition is almost required before entering boot camp at Parris Island. Recruits have to run 1.5 miles in a span of designated minutes, pull ups and crunches, just a while after their arrival in the camp.

Joining in the United States Marines will mean a lot of hardships and challenges. Afterwards, the next challenge is right in combat where life threatening missions are constant. The Marines is critical to the US Military Forces and their role is irreplaceable. US Marines members are entitled to a host of benefits which they can earn upon their retirement or honorable discharge.

Army Dog Tags

In the exclusive world of the men in uniform, one unique symbol sets them apart. More commonly known as the dog tag, this military necklace is normally worn around the neck of the soldier, but the importance and significance of army dog tags often come to the fore only when the soldiers wearing them either get injured or die in battle.

In such cases, the tag is usually referred to for purposes of easy identification. The reason for this is that traditionally, army dog tags carry basic information about their wearers, including their names, rank, corps, and regiment, just to name a few. Earlier versions of the tags, particularly those worn by Chinese soldiers during the so-called Taiping revolt in 1851, bore the name of the soldier, his age, unit, birthplace, and enlistment date.

The term dog tag came about primarily because the basic design of the necklace closely resembled that of an actual tag normally used for dogs. In any case, non-corrosive metal has been traditionally used in designing the tags although manufacturers are known to make use of a few other available materials.

Most army dog tags come in identical pairs such that in case of death in the battlefield, one half of the tag is collected and used to notify the relatives of the fallen soldier. Meanwhile, the remaining half remains with the body for eventual identification. This is often the case during times when immediate recovery of the corpse is virtually impossible.

Currently, the term dog tag is no longer being used in the US military. Instead, the US Army has given instructions to soldiers to use the term identification tags. Additionally, the present information contained in the tags depend primarily on what particular corps the soldier belongs to. In the case of army dog tags, the embossed information will include the last, first, and middle initial of the wearer, his social security code or number, his blood type, and his religion.

In recent years, dog tags have come to be viewed as fashion accessories, especially among the youth. Prior to this, musicians from the 60’s era were known to have made use of customized dog tags as part of their official apparel. Eventually, jewelers began to appreciate the uniqueness of dog tags and even made a few modifications on these by coming up with silver and gold-plated tags.

As a fashion statement, the present generation has utilized army dog tags as a means of presenting a tough or hardened personality. Just like a genuine army tag, the civilian version contains basic information about its wearer but with a certain twist since some of these tags are said to have inscriptions of a famous quote or a personal belief.

In other words, dog tags have come to be part of the civilian line of accessories and are no longer limited to military use. Given this, purchasing a dog tag for personal consumption is hardly difficult since many fashion accessory stores are expected to have this.

Alternatively, online retail shops abound where various types of dog tags can be bought at generally affordable prices. In some online outlets, customized tags can even be ordered by simply providing the preferred look and the desired details in the attached form.

Several websites specializing in the design of dog tags can even create an exact replica of those worn by real soldiers. The similarity can range from the thickness of the tag to the type of text being embossed, all of which are said to strictly conform to the specifications set by the US Military.

Needless to say, the traditional army dog tags have come a long way since they first came out in wooden form sometime in the 19th century. These days, they are more than just a source of identification; they can be used to publicly declare a strongly-held concept.

Military Jobs

Are you looking for a job in the army? The U.S. Army isn’t all about combat. The Army provides different kinds of jobs for enlisters and officers who have different interests and/or who have degrees in various fields. There are jobs in language, information and technology, engineering, and others. You can be sure to find jobs in the armyno matter what your background is.

Jobs in the Army

There are different kinds of jobs for reserve and enlisted soldiers. Here are some of the jobs you can apply to:

Computers & Technology

Information Technology Specialist

The army has room for IT specialists that help maintain, troubleshoot, and process military computer operations and systems. The primary job duties of an IT Specialist include:

  1. Maintaining networks, hardware, and software.
  2. Create, edit, and test computer systems and programs.
  3. Provide network administration and client services.

Intelligence Analyst

The intelligence analyst is responsible for the distribution, analysis, and processing of tactical and strategic intelligence. The intelligence analyst is integral to the proper dissemination of information about the enemy and potential battle grounds. The primary responsibilities of an intelligence analyst include:

  1. Provide intelligence to assist the combat commander.
  2. Assess the reliability and importance of incoming intelligence with current information.
  3. Create and maintain intelligence records and files for cross-reference.

There are other jobs in the armythat are information technology and computer-related. If you have a background in IT or in handling computers, these may be the jobs for you during your time in the army.

Administrative Support

Financial Manager

The financial manager manages the finances of the Army’s Finance Corp. The financial manager’s main responsibility is sustaining the army’s missions through purchasing supplies and services. The primary duties of the financial manager also include:

  1. Command combined armed forces and financial operations during combat and peacetime.
  2. In charge of disbursement of public funding, auditing, travel allowances, bank, financial management information systems, commercial vendor support, and Army salary.
  3. Coordinate the employment of Finance Soldiers.

Human Resources Officer

The adjutant general officer provides support for a soldier’s overall well-being and assists commanders in keeping soldiers combat-ready. The duties of a human resources officer also include:

  1. In charge of supervising all of the strength distribution and management actions.
  2. As a platoon leader, this officer is responsible for training, health, readiness, and welfare of the 20 soldiers under his or her command, and the accomplishment of missions assigned.
  3. Principal advisor to a battalion commander for all concerns on human resource support for all subordinates.

Unit Specialist

The unit specialist has the responsibility of performing or supervising tasks that involve upkeep and/or maintenance of Army equipment and supplies. The major duties of a unit specialist are:

  1. Inspect, inventory, store, load and unload, receive, issue, and deliver Army equipment and supplies.
  2. Receive and issue arms for military personnel.
  3. Secure and control ammunition and weapons.
  4. Schedule and execute preventive maintenance on weapons.
  5. Execute maintenance on automated supply system for accounting of equipment and supplies.

These are just some of the jobs in the armyinvolving administrative support. There are other jobs that you can get into in the same field once you pass the aptitude test and enlist in the army.

Construction & Engineering

Combat Engineer

The combat engineer assists, supervises, or serves as a team member when the squadron tackles rough terrain during combat situations. The combat engineers provide their expertise and knowledge in areas such as survivability, general engineering, counter mobility, and mobility. The major responsibilities of a combat engineer also include:

  1. Plant and activate explosives.
  2. Conduct operations such as route clearing.
  3. Detect mines visually or with the help of a mine detector.
  4. Prepare and activate explosives or other firing systems for demolition.

Geospatial Engineer

The geospatial engineer is responsible for using and analyzing geographic data that helps civilian and military operations for Homeland Security and Disaster Relief. The geospatial engineers analyze, collect, and provide geospatial information that corresponds to the terrain. The duties of a geospatial engineer also include:

  1. Create military briefs that cover all aspects of the terrain.
  2. Create and maintain several geospatial directories.
  3. Assist commanders in visualizing the battlegrounds.
  4. Create data and turn them into maps.
  5. Create geographic data from reconnaissance, satellite imagery, and aerial photographs.

Arts & Media

Public Affairs Officer

The Army’s Public Affairs Officer is in charge of assessing the public affairs situation, advise senior officials on issues and assist them in making informed decisions, and execute the decisions into serviceable public affairs operations.

Before you can get a job in the army, you must take the Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery, which is a series of tests that assist you in determining the kind of job you can get in the army. This test also helps you understand your strengths and weaknesses and how you fit into the army. There are several jobs in the army that meet your qualifications. Enlist and find out how you can serve your country.